Floor joist installation. 

Step by step instructions on installing floor joist.... 

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Here is a way to provide pleasant illumination to outdoor areas for a small amount of money. You can purchase most of the components in a kit. Some kits come with a timer or a photovoltaic sensor to turn lights on at night and off during the day. Installing low voltage lighting is a good do-it-yourself project.

   

Installing floor joist and wood girders.

 

In most wood framed structures, a wood girder is the main supporting beam. Made of wood, the

girder runs the length of a building, bearing large loads from above and partially transferring them

to support columns or posts. Wood girders should sit in a foundation pocket and bear at least 4

inches on the bottom of the pocket. Wood girders are supported by walls and posts or columns,

generally spaced 8 to 10 feet apart. The base of a wood post should always be supported by a footing

to support the load.

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

       

 

Installing floor joists.

The next step is installing floor joists. Before placing the floor joists on the sill, you must mark the

sill plate and any girder or beam the floor joists will cross, with an x where floor joists will be. Floor

joists are usually placed 16 inches on center, which means that the center to center measurement

from one floor joist to the next is 16 inches. Note that your measuring tape has 16 inches

demarcations in color (usually red) that you can use for laying out floor joists along your sill plates.

Also note that 16 inch on center framing allows the edge of 4+8 foot plywood to fall on the center of

every fourth floor joist. Because the first floor joist will have the panel flush to its outside, the

distance from the first joist to the second one should be 15 ¼ inches on center. Rest the floor joists

on the edge above each X that you marked. Toe nail each joist to the girder and sill using 16 d nails.

Where floor joists overlap a girder or beam, lap them at least 4 inches and face nail them with three

8d nails, two from one side and one from the other side. Mark the headers for joist positions as you

did the sill plate. Place the header joists, and tack them at each end to the first and last joists. One by

one, plum each to the floor joists using three 16d nails.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Installing blocking and bridging.

Because the floor joist are on edge, they are not as stable as if they were lying flat. It’s essential to

stabilize them by either bridging or blocking them. Bridging is a technique that uses angled on both

ends at 45 degrees that form an X between joists. You can also install prefabricated metal bridging.

You install bridging every 6 feet along the joist’s length. Blocking employs the same stabilizing

principle, except that you install blocks squares between floor joists. Blocking is often used in small

spaces where bridging isn’t practical and over wood girders or wood beams.

 

 

 

 

 

Installing rough opening in floor joist

Most joist framed floors have rough opening in them for such things as stairways or chimneys. The

joists that define the rough opening called trimmers if they run lengthwise and headers if they run

perpendicular to floor joists, are usually doubled because they have to carry the load that would have

been carried by the joists that were removed to create the rough opening. Doubling the trimmers and

headers reinforces these extra load carrying floor joists.

 

 

        More DIY remodeling home projects you can do yourself

 

Installing your sill plate

Installing floor sheathing

Building your exterior walls

Insulation

 

 

 

  

 

 

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