Foundation 

Learning about foundations for your new home... 

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     Getting started building a house

 

Foundations

 

Platform framing is the most popular construction method used to build today’s houses. An

understanding of the techniques will not only help you build a house, but the knowledge is

indispensable for building additions, installing new windows and doors, reorganizing your home’s

floor plan, and constructing garages, sheds, and other outbuildings. Platform framing is popular

because it requires relatively small pieces of lumber to construct a sturdy, long lasting building a house.

 

 

 

 

                               Building a house

 Floor framing

The floor system in platform framing serves to connect the house to the foundation and to act as a

base for the walls and roofing systems. Building framing for a floor is an important first step in the

construction process. To make floors both firm and structurally sound, begin with proven

engineering principles and designs. Then select high quality materials that are sized appropriately

for your project. Pay particular attention to making strong connections between components,

whether they be beams, girders, joists, or plywood decking.

 

 

 

 Structural support

In most cases, a framed structure rests on a concrete or block foundation, which can be any of a

number of types, including slab, crawl space, full wall, and concrete piers.

 

Concrete slab.

The simplest form of foundation is a slab, often called a slab on grade. A slab is a monolithic piece of

concrete, meaning it is all one piece, unlike crawl space and basement foundations, which you’d build

only after you had formed and poured their footings ahead of time.

 

 

Crawl space foundation.

A crawl space foundation is a low wall made of poured concrete or concrete block that rests on a

footing. The minimum allowable floor joist to ground space is 18 inches. If you use a girder (a wood

beam), the minimum allowable space between the underside of the girder and the ground is 12

inches. The minimum distance between the outside bottom of the wood structure and the ground is 8

inches.

 

 

 

 

 

 Basement wall foundation

Poured concrete or concrete block basement wall foundations are common in many areas. Typical

modern basement walls are 10 feet high but you must account for the basement floor slab depth when

calculating the height of your forms for footings for poured concrete walls or the number of courses

you’ll have laid for concrete block walls.

 

          More DIY remodeling home projects you can do yourself

 

Instructions on laying concrete blocks

 How to install your sill plate to the foundation

 Installing floor joists

 Installing insulation in your crawl space

 

 

         

 

 

 

 

 

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