Installing your solar panels.. 

Step by step instructions installing solar panels... 

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Installing  solar panels   

 

Installing solar panels so that they’ll stay in place through weather, high winds and ground movement for 25 years or more is probably the most demanding part of any installation. With so much surface area the panels can catch gusts of wind almost as well as a sail. They also need to hold up against rain, seasonal movement, snow loads, hail and whatever else nature throws against them. They must be securely mounted and well anchored to the roof, ground, or side of the house with rust resistant metal poles and rack system, and the best stainless steel hardware and they should be checked periodically for loose fasteners.

Although home build solar panels can be mounted on wood posts on the ground, solar PV panels have a longer life expectancy and are best installed on steel or aluminum supports that can hold up to the weather indefinitely, especially up on a roof. If the solar panels are roof mounted, the condition of the roof should also be evaluated before they’re installed. The solar panels can last up to 25 years and if the roof is going to need replacement before then it’s best to do it before installing the solar panels so you can avoid the expense of removing and reinstalling the solar panels later.

 

 

 

Needless to say, it’s important that the panels face the sun as directly as possible and get at least six hours per day without shading year round. Spend some time on research and observation before you proceed with installation to avoid putting up solar panels that only get sufficient sun for half the year.

 A roof or ground support for solar panels

You can make a sturdy support for either PV panels or solar collectors by assembling lengths of U-nistrut U- channel sold a home centers and electrical suppliers, and then anchoring them to the roof or ground. Use galvanized steel pieces and fasteners and follow the same guidelines for selecting a location and height.

Struts are available in several sizes with a huge selection of accessories for jointing them in dozens of configurations, through you may have to go online to find them. With a little hunting, you can usually find the right combination for almost any location or roof layout. A few considerations to keep in mind. Solar panels placed on a roof need to be bolted to the rafters every 4 to 6 ft. with stainless steel or galvanized lag bolts 5/16+4 inches. These holes need to be waterproofed with extra care, as they will be hard to get to once the solar panels are up.

 

 

 

Finding the right angle for you solar panels

First of all, the solar panels should face directly south and should not be shaded, although the location doesn’t have to be perfect. Crystalline solar cells should not be shaded at any part for at least six hours because shading even a small part will diminish the energy collected by the whole array, but this is not as much of a problem for thin film solar cells or solar collectors. Solar panels and collectors are often put on roofs to elevate them above trees and shade from building, but they work just as well on the ground or attached to the side of a building as long as they have sufficient sunlight.

The best tilt angle is not necessarily the same for PV panels and solar collectors. For either one, though, start by finding your latitude, check online for latitude finders. The best angle for a PV panel is the same degree as your latitude, though for maximum efficiency you can move it 10 degrees more in the winter and 10 degrees less in the summer. For example at latitude 45 you would put it at 55 degrees from horizontal in the winter, 45 degrees in the spring and fall, and 35 degrees in the summer.

 

More on solar panels projects

 

Solar panel safety

Installing a low-watt solar panel system

Solar power for off grid system, and on grid system

Batteries for your solar panels

Making your own solar cells

Types of solar panels

Solar water heater

Solar heat

 

 

 

 

 

 

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